In 1919, Alberta Foundry & Machine Company, Medicine Hat, Alberta, announced the “Canadian” tractor. It was simply designed but still maintained absolute reliability. The “Canadian” was the only tractor ever built in the Western provinces and was designed by R.B. Hartsough, one of the principals in the old Transit Thresher Company at Minneapolis. The “Canadian” had a 14-28 horsepower rating and used a two-cylinder engine. It pulled a three-bottom plow and sold for $1,200. Weight was 6,850 pounds. A novel feature of this tractor was that its all-wood frame could be lengthened or shortened, depending on the length of the frame installed. The rear wheels also used wooden spokes, The “Canadian” was only marketed for a couple of years.
John Edward Davies founded the Alberta Foundry and Machine Co. in September of 1911. It was created to manufacture items like steel rails, catch basins, manhole covers, lamp posts, valves, hydrants, pumps, and mining machinery as well as farm implements. The factory was used to manufacture shells during World War I but experienced a period of decline following the armistice. The foundry was leased to the Canadian Farm Implement Co. and then began producing the 14-28 “Canadian” tractor. The company experienced a lull until World War II intensified and they received orders to again begin producing shells. After the end of World War II, the factory was bought by T. McAvity and Sons Ltd and returned to the manufacture of hydrants.
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